The numerous developments in the production of headphones and speakers have contributed to its consumer’s convenience. Nowadays, headphones and speakers have played an important role in the lives of every human being. Everywhere you go, you will see either a person wearing a headphone or a shop playing music through the efforts of their high-quality speakers.
History Of Headphones
Music to the person’s ear began in the year 1890. This precious creation was made in the pre-broadcast age wherein every individual experienced or listened to music live at bars, music hall, an opera house or other areas of entertainment. It is certainly not being played or heard at home because of the absence of either a headphone or speaker.
A distributed audio system, which was called as the electrophone, has changed this practice. The system was able to relay the live music or play directly to the homes of every resident. It was only at this time when the people experience and appreciate the true and the real wonder of music at home. The home users can just connect their electrophone through the telephone operator and can listen to the music coming from the device through a large stethoscope.
The electrophone was a huge hit and had 600 subscribers by the year 1908. It had garnered £3000 a year in today’s money.
In 1910, Nathaniel Baldwin, who is an electrical engineer, got frustrated because he could not hear the Mormon sermons because of the crowd so he designed the first predecessor of the modern headphone. He invented this device by connecting the 2 sound receivers with a headband.
In 1930, the popular music that different artists created decided to take its course. It was in this year that music has become a great deal to every person. The swing era has started in this year and the invention of the electric guitar has marked the music age.
In 1937, Eugen Beyer’s beyerdynamic DT48, the world’s most famous and first dynamic headphone were created. What is interesting about this creation is that it uses the same technical principles that are being used by the technologists of today. But because of World War II the production of this device was ceased and was again released in the year 1950. It was even being manufactured until the year 2012.
After the Eugen Beyer’s Beyerdynamic DT48, the ‘stick’ headphone was created. The consumers can just walk into the record bars and simply listen to the recording using this device.
In 1960s and 1970s, the famous ‘Walkman’ was created. Because of the standardization and development of technology, compact cassettes have become widely famous. It was commonly used by the people in order to listen to their desired music.
It was only in the year of 1979, that the Sony Company has changed the image of music. The company invented the portable cassette player and entered the famous Sony Walkman. It had accumulated around 200 million units because of its features. In order to make theWalkman more portable than the usual, it had created a lightweight headphone for the convenience of the consumer.
After Apple launched an iPod, which is compatible with windows, it was only in 2003 that the Apple Company has emerged with big sales. In the mid-2000s, the white yet elegant ear bud headphones of Apple have become a fashion statement to most individuals who loved to listen to music.
In 2008, beats have gone to sell billions of dollars and have captured around 50% of the headphone market.
History Of Speakers
It was in the 1920 when the dynamic loudspeaker we know of today was built. Other types of speakers are horns, electro-dynamic loud speakers, flat panel speakers, plasma arc speakers, and piezoelectric speakers.
It was Johann Philipp Reis, a teacher in Germany, was the one who first invented the electronic loudspeaker. In 1876, the famous Alexander Graham Bell also tried to produce a speaker but there was no enough knowledge in physics that could support and supply the materials in making the device.
In 1877, Werner Von Siemens, formulated the idea of developing an electromagnetic coil speaker. Although he had no means to amplify the sound in order to create a very useful loudspeaker, he otherwise formulates and theorized the idea.
It was only in the year of 1920s when numerous engineers and investors have learned the idea on how to perfectly amplify the sound. Today, there are several electro-dynamic loudspeakers that come from different types and can produce a high quality sound for certain range of frequencies. Examples of which are the: tweeter (2kHz – 20kHz), mid-range speaker (300 – 5kHz), woofers (40 – 1 kHz), and sub-woofers (20 – 200 Hz).
The music has been changed tremendously because of these innovations. People don’t need to go to bars, theatres, or other halls just to listen to music. The innovations of headphones and speakers conveniently improved the lives of every individual. They can relax and listen to the beautiful sound of music by the beach, in the kitchen, library, hotel, or wherever they may be.
People can now express their feelings through music because they now have the means to listen to it without exerting so much effort to perform a play or anything. Everywhere we go we hear our favorite song just by walking right into a coffee shop or bar. This was made possible through the efforts of the brilliant minds in the past. Without them, more so without their inventions, what would the world be like? Without music in our ears or surrounding, our world will be as dull as our problems.